Male infertility is real. An estimated 20 – 30 percent of men may not have the ability to father their offspring with their own genetic material. There exist diverse reproductive factors – which are both physiological as well as psychological, among men, which act as impediments barring them to emerge as parents by following the natural process of reproduction. Male infertility, hence, is quite common and in no way is simply restricted to women. In this article we’ll share ten questions (along with answers) our male patients keep asking our consultants during their reproductive counselling sessions.
- What is Male Infertility?
The inability of a male to fertilize a fertile female and cause pregnancy is referred as male infertility. In humans it accounts for 40-50% of all infertility cases and population wise it affects 7% of all men.
- How Is Male Infertility Diagnosed?
Semen analysis is the most common test we prescribe for diagnosing male infertility. Through this test, many attributes of the sperm and semen (the fluid containing sperm) can be measured. To be specific, the test measures the sperm concentration (the number of sperms present in 1 mm of semen), the sperm’s morphology (the percentage of sperms in normal shape), its motility (the percentage of sperms that are moving), and the volume of fluid.
- What Is Normal Sperm Count?
According to WHO 5th manual, ideal sperm concentration should be 15 million/ml. Patient having sperm concentration less than this range will be called oligozoospermia. There are two types of sperm, motile and immotile. According to WHO 5th manual, normal semen sample have motile sperm either 32% progressive motile sperm or 40% progressive and nonprogressive motile sperm. (more…)